3 edition of Dimensions of ethnicity as predictors of adolescent cigarette smoking found in the catalog.
Dimensions of ethnicity as predictors of adolescent cigarette smoking
Thesis (M.Sc.) -- University of Toronto, 1998.
|Series||Canadian theses = -- Thèses canadiennes|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||2 microfiches : negative. --|
OBJECTIVE To extend the analysis of psychosocial risk factors for smoking presented in the United States surgeon general’s report on smoking and health, and to propose a theoretical frame of reference for understanding the development of smoking. DATA SOURCES General Science Index, Medline, PsycLIT, Sociofile, Sociological Abstracts, and Smoking and Health. American Indians (AI) have the highest smoking rates of any ethnic group in the US (%), followed most closely by African Americans (%) and European Americans (%). AI smokers also have more difficulty quitting smoking compared to other ethnic groups, evidenced by their significantly lower quit ratios, and are among the least successful in maintaining long term abstinence.
Introduction. The landscape of adolescent tobacco use is rapidly changing, with recent decreases in combustible cigarette smoking and overall increases in the use of electronic-cigarettes (e-cigarettes) 1–gh e-cigarette prevalence rates show some fluctuation from year to year, e-cigarette use appears to be considerably higher compared to cigarette use across adolescent age groups. About 90% (Australian men) and 65% (Australian women) of lung cancers are attributable to tobacco smoking. 3 It is projected that in Australia in , 7, males and 5, females will be diagnosed with lung cancer, and that it will be the 5 th most common cause of cancer death. 4 Tobacco smoking also causes cancers of the oral cavity, pharynx, nasal cavity and accessory sinuses, larynx.
predictor of adolescent cigarette use was examined while control- and group influence on adolescent cigarette smoking and alcohol use. by CDC-defined BMI . Framing smoking as an addictive behavior also provides a potential opportunity for prevention campaigns. For example, population reductions in adolescent smoking in compared with were related to adolescents’ increasing perceptions of cigarette smoking as addictive (Chassin, Presson, Sherman, & Kim, ).
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The prevalence of cigarette smoking is higher among Whites than among Hispanics and, especially, Blacks, although these racial/ethnic differences may be disappearing among young adolescents.1, 2 White adolescents start smoking at an earlier age, are more likely to persist in smoking, and become more dependent on nicotine than minority youths.3– 8 The factors underlying these racial/ethnic Cited by: Smoking among peers was the best predictor of smoking for White adolescents (accounting for % of the variance) but accounted for only 15% of the variance for Latino youth, % of the variance.
Ethnic Differences in Predictors of Adolescent Smoking Onset and Escalation: A Longitudinal Study from 7th to 12th Grade Leslie A.
Robinson, Ph.D. Center for Health Promotion and Evaluation, Department of Psychology, The University of MemphisCited by: 1. Introduction. Although overall rates of tobacco use have decreased in recent decades (Arrazola et al.,Johnston et al., ), newer tobacco products, such as e-cigarettes and hookah, have become Dimensions of ethnicity as predictors of adolescent cigarette smoking book among adolescents (Gilreath et al.,Miech et al., ).With the rise of new tobacco products, recent research on adolescent tobacco use (Arrazola et al.,Dutra and Cited by: 4.
In terms of beliefs that smoking helps control weight, research has shown that adolescent smokers who weigh more were more likely to agree that smoking controls weight (%) compared to people who never smoked (%) and agreement increased as levels of smoking increased (Charlton, ).
Given the results of these studies, it is apparent Cited by: Racial/Ethnic Differences Among Youths in Cigarette Smoking and Susceptibility to Start Smoking United States, Limited information on cigarette smoking in racial/ethnic subpopulations hinders development and implementation of targeted interventions for smoking prevention and cessation.
This paper aims to discuss important predictors of adolescent cigarette smoking behavior, such as their sociodemographic characteristics (age, gender, socioeconomic status, mother's and father's.
OBJECTIVES: Examine racial/ethnic differences in smoking susceptibility among US youth nonsmokers over time and age. METHODS: We used nationally representative samples of youths who never tried cigarettes (N = ; age, 9–21, mean, years) from National Youth Tobacco Survey, to We used time-varying effect modeling to examine nonlinear trends in smoking susceptibility.
The third and fourth columns of Table 1 present associations between covariates/predictors and ever smoked a full cigarette and ever had a full drink of alcohol. There was a significantly stronger positive association between grade in school and having a full alcoholic drink than smoking a full cigarette.
Hierarchical logistic regressions. To get a large enough sample size for this study, researchers aggregated data from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health collected between and to assess cigarette-smoking prevalence among 6 racial and ethnic population groups and 10 select subgroups in the United States.
Adolescents who smoke regularly typically purchase their tobacco from stores and then share their cigarettes with their peers, becoming the primary source for new smokers. 43 Youths also learn about commercial sources of cigarettes from their peers. 19, 44 Thus, smoking peers contribute to perceptions about accessibility of cigarettes.
44, This study examined personal, psychosocial, sociocultural, and environmental predictors in tobacco use for Arab American adolescents. Cigarette smoking in past 30 days was %. This increased from 1% at age 14 to 14% at age Twenty-nine percent of the youths reported ‘ever cigarette smoking.’.
Smoking as Predictors of Adolescent Cigarette Smoking Judy van de Venne University of Kentucky Reprinted as a book chapter inAdolescent Behavior Research: International Perspectives.
Joav Merrick, & Hatim 47 were male and 66 were female. In terms of ethnic origin, % were white and % were African American or of other ethnic. Depression, Sensation Seeking, and Maternal Smoking as Predictors of Adolescent Cigarette Smoking Article (PDF Available) in The Scientific World Journal June with 52 Reads.
Predictors of smoking behaviors were mostly common across racial/ethnic groups. Conclusions. The few identified racial/ethnic differences in predictors of smoking behavior suggest that universal prevention and intervention efforts could reach most adolescents regardless of race/ethnicity.
INTRODUCTION. Adolescence is a developmental period critical to smoking susceptibility and initiation. 1, 2 Susceptibility, or openness to the idea of smoking, is a predictor of future daily smoking.
3 Although current smoking among adolescents in the U.S. has decreased in the past 20 years, 4 less is known about national rates and trends in smoking susceptibility among never.
Of the students in gr % were smoking and it was reported that % had smoked often, % sometimes, % rarely, and % had never smoked.
Age ( older age group), gender (being male), and alcohol use were the most important predictors of adolescent smoking behavior. Prevention implications and recommendations are also discussed. Racial/ethnic minority youth on similar trajectories of cigarette smoking demonstrated poorer academic functioning, poorer mental and physical health, and higher delinquency compared with white peers.
Assessing for adolescent smoking among minority youth may help reduce disparities in functioning across multiple domains. Objectives. We examined associations between parental and adolescent smoking and nicotine dependence in the United States. Methods.
We used data from the to National Survey on Drug Use and Health, which ascertained smoking behaviors of 1 parent and 1 adolescent aged 12 to 17 years in 35 dyads. RTI's Client Listening Program; Ethics and Human Research Protection; Living Our Mission. The Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act, passed ininitially gave the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) the authority to regulate the manufacture, distribution, and marketing of tobacco products to protect public health.
Among the broad power it granted the FDA, the law's provisions strive to reduce adolescent tobacco use. Cigarette smoking disproportionately affects the health of people with low SES. Lower income cigarette smokers suffer more from diseases caused by smoking than do smokers with higher incomes.
5 Populations in the most socioeconomically deprived groups have higher lung cancer risk than those in the most affluent groups. 6 People with less than a high school education have higher lung .Cultural and Psychological Predictors of Adolescent Smoking Behaviors by Susan Lee Doctor of Philosophy, Graduate Program in Clinical Psychology Loma Linda University, September Dr.
Holly E.R. Morrell, Chairperson Studies show that smoking rates differ across ethnic groups, but it .